If the plant is stuck, you can slip a long-bladed knife around the inside edge to loosen it. 1. Bowling Ball™ Arborvitae, to give him his full name, is a dense evergreen shrub, with fine, ferny foliage, which grows completely naturally into a round green ball, remaining as wide as it is tall for its entire life. It is important to leave at least 3-4 feet between the plants if planting them in a row, as one may do in the case of growing a hedge fence. Plant size may vary, depending on species type, but range from shrubs as small as 3 feet in size to gigantic trees over 70 feet tall with widths of up to 25 feet. Measure the depth of the root ball to make sure the root collar will be at or a little above ground level when your tree is planted. This monophyletic genus of five species, two, native to North America and three, native to eastern Asia, consists of the resinous, evergreen ornamental members that are commonly known as Arborvitaes, cedars or thujas. Although arborvitae can vary greatly in size, you remove towering pyramidal arborvitae the same way as you remove compact shrubs. Allow new growth to fill gaps before getting rid of dead or diseased branches. Mature cones are egg-like in shape and may grow up to half an inch long with thickened flexible scales. For transplanting, dig the root ball to a depth of at least two-thirds of the spread of the branches, according to nurseryman Mike Hirst. All of the recommendations listed make good sense. Just as the crown of a Green Giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata "Green Giant") grows up to 20 feet in diameter, the root system spreads underground. Arborvitae is also used to treat skin infections such as warts or cold sores. Arborvitae (genus Thuja) are coniferous trees belonging to the Cupressaceae (cypress) family and since ancient times it has been a mythological symbol of immortality and life within the cosmos. The prices on these dwarfs vary from $15 to $30 depending on size and quantity ordered. Provide enough water to wet the top 12 to 18 inches of soil. These are native white cedar grown from a Michigan seed origin. ... Place the pot on its side and slide the root ball out. Arborvitae are common ornamental shrubs. Measure the size of the root ball of the Emerald Green arborvitae. Root ball size standards. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Choose a suitable pot size (one a few inches larger than the size of the root ball) to give the roots ample growing room. The leaves of Eastern white cedar are used to make a tea which contains 50 mg of vitamin-C per 100 grams. Use a round-point digging shovel to dig a hole that is approximately as deep as the container and twice to three times as wide, setting the dirt removed to the side. Arborvitae is also used in cosmetics for its invigorating aroma that brings on a sense of calm and peace. The specimen Mr. Planting: Emerald Green Thujas grow best in full sun, but they can withstand partial shade (afternoon sun is best in this case).And for best results, plant these trees six feet apart to enjoy their pyramid shape or four feet apart for a dense hedge. They have a scaly outer bark and a fibrous inner bark. The hole should have sloping sides, and don’t disturb the soil at the bottom of the hole. This helps treat scurvy. Soil / Climate: White Cedar enjoy limestone soils, moist, boggy areas. Additional information on Thuja occidentalis can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS plants database. Dig a hole the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. In general, the size of the pot should be 6 to 7 times the size of the root ball. Plant Height Root Ball Size Weight 6-7' 24" 400 7-8' 28 650 8-10' 34" 850 10-12' 38" 1200 12-14' 44" 1500 14-16' 52" 2500 16-18' 60" 3000 18-20' 72" 6000 Root Ball Size & Weight Information Plants sold by caliper Plants sold by height. Be the first to review “White Cedar Arborvitae (with root ball) (Thuja occidentalis)”. Does well in cold climates. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Root System of Arborvitae Rates are based on tree size. #1 (TTC), had the outside of its root ball almost completely formed of circling roots, but thankfully very thin ones. Rotate the plant to the proper position. Has light brown or reddish-brown oblong blunt tip cones that are 3/8 -1/2″ in diamater. They are sold with a root ball and are for pick up only. Bowling Ball arborvitae has curved appeal that needs no pruning to keep it in true form. Sizes available are 6-8′ and 8-10′. The other three species, native to eastern Asia are Thuja koraiensis (Korean thuja), Thuja standishii (Japanese thuja) and Thuja sutchuenensis (Sichuan thuja). Ever since then the Arborvitae plant became widely known by the French as “l’arbre de vie” or “tree of life”. This tight, compact arborvitae is an outstanding landscape or container plant. Today the nickname, “tree of life”, extends well beyond the thuja’s ability to cure diseases and may be attributed to the tree’s tendency to resist rot and live up to almost 800 years. © 2015 - 2020 Cold Stream Farm - All Rights Reserved. The female cones are smaller in size and green in colour, possibly with a tinge of purple. Here are a few tips on how to care for arborvitae when pruning: DNA Replication Enzymes of Prokaryotes and Their Roles, Solar Energy: Types, Advantages and Disadvantages, Taproot System: Types, Modifications and Examples. Trickle water out of the hose to prevent erosion or use a shower head attachment. Arborvitaes are ornamental garden plants that may add a sophisticated entry to someone’s home or stand as a statuesque specimen in the centre of their lawns. Cover and nesting for birds. 4-hr reentry. A dwarf, mounded globe form with feathery, silvery-sage juvenile foliage which turns blue-green with maturity. pots. When planting Emerald Green Thujas, dig a hole that is just as deep as the root ball and twice as wide. They are easy to grow and require little care and maintenance. The wood of arborvitae is also commonly used for making guitar soundboards. In areas with a deer population arborvitae may require a mesh net protection during the winter season. The roots of all trees are designed for drawing nutrient-rich water from the ground. No more boring boxwoods! A typical pot for an arborvitae might hold 10 to 15 gallons of soil and stand 20 inches high by 20 inches wide. Light pruning in early growth will keep them neat and encourage thicker growth. Cold Stream Farm supplies White Cedar trees which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. Tolerant of salt, air pollution, juglone. Generally quite adaptable and tolerant once established, full sun. They require bright sunlight but have been known to grow in shady climates as well. The flattened foliage, resembling scales or fan-like sprays are bright green throughout the spring, turning yellowish-green or brownish-green during the late autumn and winters. Arborvitae oil can also be used as wood polish keeping furniture looking fresh for a longer time. Small root ball: This is a contributor to transplant stress and poor survival. The major root depth of a large arborvitae variety can reach 18-24 inches deep, while roots of a smaller variety such as Emerald Green, reach 8 inches deep. Water the soil and root ball of the newly planted Emerald Green arborvitae with a garden hose. Sprinkle bone meal in the planting hole, mix in well and backfill with the native soil, amended with some compost. For borders, plant about 18 to 20 inches apart. Take the root ball out of the container you received it in and tease it apart gently, then set it in the hole. When digging a plant, you will surely damage the roots. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Arborvitaes are trees or shrubs with a conical or pyramidal shape. ... As stated in the original answer “it’s best not to disturb the root ball of an evergreen”. Spacing will vary with the species and cultivar. For best growth and uniform shape, the plant needs to grow where it receives at least eight hours of direct sunlight daily. The weight of each tree including root mass is approximately 60-90 pounds. The big Green Giant is capable of reaching up to 60 feet tall, with a 15-20 feet wide spread across its bottom at full maturity. Add more soil after the water soaks away if compaction leaves the root ball top above the soil line in the hole. Planting Instructions Container grown plants and balled and burlapped plants can be set out throughout the growing season. Arborvitaes are one of the evergreen conifers preferred as a Christmas tree. The Bowling Ball Arborvitae is an easy plant to grow. Keep the soil well watered during the first two years; after that, I have found, it can take drier conditions. During the 16th century, the French explorer Jacques Cartier learned that scurvy, a disease caused due to a deficiency of vitamin C could be cured by boiling the leaves and the bark from the plant, the Native Americans called “Arborvitae”. Plant size may vary, depending on species type, but range from shrubs as small as 3 feet in size to gigantic trees over 70 feet tall with widths of up to 25 feet. Giving exact measurements for how deep to dig a hole for a 6-foot arborvitae is impossible because the root balls vary so much in size. The White Cedar can live up to 800 years old and contains a great deal of Vitamin C in it’s foliage. View full size in a new window ... be aware that healthy new growth for arborvitae is light green to yellow-green in color, and will darken considerably as the season progresses. Arborvitae wood is soft and light in weight, yet very durable and therefore easily worked making them very important as a timber-producing species. Arborvitae wood is used in the construction of beehives because of its combination of light weight and resistance to decay. Slow to medium growth rate average 13-24″ per year in ideal conditions. Dense foliage perfect in rock gardens, mixed borders or as a specimen plant. Cutting off the top of the plant to control its height or trimming branch tips will permanently affect the plant leaving no room for new growth. Mature size is around 6-8' tall x 3-4' wide. Arborvitaes can withstand frequent and heavy pruning if they are to be shaped into formal hedges or topiaries but since they can retain their shape as they mature, regular pruning is usually not necessary. Pruning to achieve a V-shape will yellow or brown the lower branches leaving the foliage sparse. Arborvitae is widely known as ornamental trees and is extensively used for hedges or as fences. Your email address will not be published. Try this compact bush in a container to add a touch of chic style to your entryway, porch, patio, or deck. The “ball” is referring to the tree’s root ball and the “burlap” is referring to the cloth covering encompassing the root ball. Conical shape, dense lumber is prized for its resistance to rot. Notes: White Cedar is an evergreen tree with fan-like branches and scaly leaves. In addition, Florida Grades and Standards (Fla. Dept. These cedars have horizontal branches with a flattened-out, fan-like branchlet system. They are sold with a root ball and are for pick up only. ... Average landscape size: Moderate growing to 1-2 ft. tall and wide. Back-fill with soil around the root ball, tamping down with your hands. The arborvitae is a privacy tree because of its dense foliage and it can provide year-round privacy and shade when placed strategically. Dig the hole 2 or 3 times as wide and as deep as the root ball. Special features: Bird Friendly, ... extensive root system. This charming shrub is a rounded ball-like plant with a perky appearance and compact shape. It has foliage to the ground, and it sits as a perfect green ball in your garden, or in a planter. Zones: 3-7. Opening Plant Material. The major roots of a large arborvitae reach 18 to 24 inches deep, while the roots of smaller trees reach to 8 inches deep. Subdue MAXX at 1.25 to 2.5 fl oz/1000 sq ft, irrigated in with 0.5 inch water. These conditions vary in different species, for example, the western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is most resistant, while the northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is the most susceptible to phytophthora. Substitute with the vibrant, soft Mr. Another small arborvitae that we grow in pots is the Rheingold arborvitae. Remove these right before planting. The two North American natives, that is, the Thuja occidentalis (American or eastern arborvitae or northern white cedar) and the Thuja plicata (giant arborvitae or western red cedar) are the most commonly known types. Home > Plant Catalog > Anna's Magic Ball® Arborvitae. While not readily available at many nursery centers, the plant is easy to order from online catalogs. Check drainage before planting an arborvitae and add grit to a depth of 8 inches (20 cm.) The size of the pot depends on a few factors which include the size of the root ball, variety and whether you'll be transplanting it or not. Anna's Magic Ball® Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis 'Anna Van Vloten' PP #25,868; CPBR #5284. Over-watering is one of the most common causes of root rot and fungal infection, which may lead to irreversible damage and may be indicated by a yellowing or browning foliage with drooping needles, and therefore as a simple rule of thumb, newly planted shrubs should be watered with an inch of water, once a week, during the growing season, but should not be saturated. B&B - Soak root ball very well. The oil from Arborvitae can be used as a cleansing and purifying agent. So don't panic yet. Dig a hole that is about twice the width of the root ball of your Emerald Green Arborvitae but no deeper than the root ball’s height. Encourage air circulation by removing accumulated dead foliage inside the plant frequently. Group P7 fungicide. Agric., 1998) makes minimum container size recommendations for trees grown in aboveground containers and fabric containers. Required fields are marked *. The male and female reproductive structures (cones) sprout from different branchlets of the. Arborvitae is also known as the “canoe tree” because it is used for making native American canoes. Do not cut back to bare wood. The most obvious reason is that the earth is frozen at this time. Measure the size of the root ball of the Emerald Green arborvitae. During the winter season when supplies get low, some animals like deer turn to the arborvitae for their survival. If the arborvitae is wrapped in burlap, dig the hole a couple of inches deeper than the root ball and two to … Arborvitae wood is soft and light in weight, yet very durable and therefore easily worked making them very important as a timber-producing species. Homeowners love the aroma of arborvitae. The male cones are rounded and reddish or yellowish in colour. Other common names: northern white-cedar, American arborvitae, arborvitae, eastern white-cedar, white-cedar, swamp-cedar Group 4 fungicide. The aromatic branches of the arborvitae are a big part of New Year’s celebrations in China and are considered good luck charms. Sizes available are 6-8′ and 8-10′. We carry these plants in 2 and 3 gal. Wildlife: Often browsed by deer. Emerald Green is popular locally, it has a pyramidal form growing to height of 10-15 feet by 5 feet wide, making it much smaller than the species. Place broken flower-pot pieces or stones in the bottom of a container large enough to hold a growing root ball, which you can estimate as being roughly the size of the visible above-ground shrub. The soil must be well-drained with a minimal amount of clay and sand so the roots may spread with adequate room to grow. North Pole® Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis 'Art Boe' Plant Patent #22,174. The American National Standards Institute (1996) recommends minimum root ball sizes for field-grown trees based on trunk diameter or tree height. Mature Height/spread: Arborvitae (Tree of Life) can grow up to 40-50 ft with a spread of 10-15′. Root rot is a common concern amongst arborvitae cultivators and common causes of root rot may be attributed to water-logging, excessive heat or snow-cold conditions or pathogens such as phytophthora. If that large and still potted you would have a mass of roots that would be beyond restructuring for long term plant survival. It is used to treat arthritis and reduce pain from sore muscles or injuries. Good for hedges, screens and windbreaks: place seedlings three feet apart for a tight hedge. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 … Can be single-or multi-trunked. Your email address will not be published. They may be pruned into many designs giving any garden a lush green and bushy attire, adding to the aesthetics of that garden. White cedar is commercially used for rustic fencing and posts, lumber, poles, shingles and in the construction of log cabins. 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